Amazing Facts About Azerbaijan

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Azerbaijan is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The area of Azerbaijan has been inhabited since ancient times, with evidence of human settlement dating back to the Stone Age. Azerbaijan has a rich history of various empires and cultures that have ruled the region over the centuries.

In the 7th century, the Arab Islamic Caliphate conquered Azerbaijan, and the region was subsequently ruled by various Muslim empires for centuries. In the 19th century, Azerbaijan came under the rule of the Russian Empire, and in 1918, Azerbaijan declared independence from Russia, becoming the first democratic Muslim country in the world. However, this independence was short-lived, and Azerbaijan was soon occupied by the Soviet Union in 1920.

During the Soviet era, Azerbaijan underwent significant industrialization and modernization, but also suffered from political repression and human rights abuses. In 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan declared independence once again and has since been a democratic republic.

Since independence, Azerbaijan has faced a number of challenges, including a war with Armenia over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, which resulted in a ceasefire in 1994. The conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh remains unresolved, and tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia persist.

Despite these challenges, Azerbaijan has made significant progress in recent years, with a growing economy and modernization efforts. Azerbaijan is known for its oil and gas reserves, as well as its rich cultural heritage, including its traditional music and dance, and its UNESCO-listed historical sites

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Basic Facts






86,600 km2 


96.9% Islam 3.0% Christianity 0.1% Other

Official Language


Minority languages

Talysh, Avar, Russian and Tat.

Ethnic Groups

91.6% Azerbaijani 2.0% Talysh 2.0% Lezgin 1.4% Armeniaon 1.3% Russian 2.4% others


Manat (₼) (AZN)

Time Zone


Date Format


Driving Side


Calling Code


ISO 3166 Code


Internal TLD



Azerbaijani Azeri

Ancient Greek Sandals
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Amazing Facts

Azerbaijan is a country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and southwest, Iran to the south, and the Caspian Sea to the east.

The capital and largest city of Azerbaijan is Baku, which is also the country’s largest port and major commercial hub.

Azerbaijan has a population of over 10 million people, with Azeris making up the majority of the population. Other ethnic groups include Russians, Armenians, Talysh, and Lezgins.

Azerbaijan’s official language is Azerbaijani, which is a Turkic language. Russian and English are also widely spoken.

Azerbaijan is a secular country with a Muslim majority population. The government guarantees religious freedom to all its citizens.

The country’s economy is heavily dependent on its vast oil and gas reserves, which have made it one of the wealthiest countries in the region.

Azerbaijan is also known for its rich cultural heritage, which includes traditional music, dance, and literature. The country has produced many famous poets, writers, and musicians over the centuries.

The country has several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Walled City of Baku, the Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape, and the Maiden Tower.

Azerbaijan gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since undergone significant economic and political reforms.

Azerbaijan is also home to several important international events, including the Formula One Azerbaijan Grand Prix and the Eurovision Song Contest 2012.

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