Amazing Facts About Angola

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Angola, located on the southwestern coast of Africa, has a complex and turbulent history. The first inhabitants of Angola were hunter-gatherer tribes, followed by the Bantu peoples who migrated into the region in the first millennium CE.

Portuguese explorers arrived in the 15th century and established trade relations with local kingdoms. By the 16th century, Portugal had established colonies in Angola and began exporting slaves to the Americas. Angola remained a Portuguese colony for over four centuries, until a long and bloody war for independence broke out in 1961.

After years of guerrilla warfare, Angola gained independence in 1975 under the leadership of the Marxist-Leninist MPLA party. However, the country quickly plunged into a brutal civil war, with the MPLA government fighting against two other factions, UNITA and FNLA, both backed by foreign powers. The conflict lasted until 2002 and claimed the lives of over half a million people.

Since the end of the civil war, Angola has experienced both economic growth and political challenges. The country has vast natural resources, including oil, diamonds, and other minerals, but corruption and mismanagement have hindered development. The MPLA has maintained its grip on power through rigged elections, but opposition parties have gained ground in recent years.

In 2017, the MPLA’s longtime leader, José Eduardo dos Santos, stepped down and was replaced by João Lourenço, who has promised to crack down on corruption and improve the economy. However, his government has faced criticism for cracking down on dissent and limiting press freedom.

Overall, Angola’s history has been shaped by colonization, slavery, independence struggles, and civil war. Despite the challenges, the country remains a key player in the region and has the potential for significant economic growth and development


Basic Facts






Total 1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd) Water (%) negligible


93.4% Christianity —56.4% Roman Catholic —23.4% Protestant —13.6% Other Christian 4.5% Traditional faiths 1.1% Others 1.0% No religion

National Language

Kimbundu Umbundu Chokwe Kikongo

Official Language


Ethnic Groups

37% Ovimbundu 25% Ambundu 13% Bakongo 21% Other African 2% Mulatto (mixed European and African) 1% Chinese 1% European


Kwanza (AOA)

Time Zone


Date Format


Driving Side


Calling Code


ISO 3166 Code


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Amazing Facts

Angola is located in southwestern Africa and is the seventh-largest country on the continent.
The official language of Angola is Portuguese, which was introduced during the colonial period.
Angola gained independence from Portugal on November 11, 1975.
The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda, which is also the country’s economic and cultural center.
The currency of Angola is the Angolan kwanza.
Angola has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, influenced by the traditions of various ethnic groups including the Ovimbundu, Ambundu, Bakongo, and others.
Angola is home to a range of wildlife, including elephants, lions, giraffes, zebras, and more.
The country has a tropical climate, with a rainy season from October to April and a dry season from May to September.
Angola is a major oil producer and exporter, with oil accounting for the majority of the country’s export revenue.
Despite its wealth of natural resources, Angola remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with high rates of poverty, unemployment, and inequality.

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