Amazing Facts About Australia

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Australia is a vast country located in the southern hemisphere, and it is the world’s sixth-largest country by area. The first humans arrived in Australia around 65,000 years ago, likely by crossing the land bridge that connected the island to Southeast Asia during the last ice age.

In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed the eastern coast of Australia for Great Britain. The first British colony was established in Sydney in 1788, and the continent became a penal colony where thousands of convicts were transported from Britain.

Over the years, more colonies were established, and in 1901, the six colonies federated to become the Commonwealth of Australia, a self-governing Dominion within the British Empire. Australia’s population grew rapidly in the 20th century, with immigration playing a significant role in shaping the country’s cultural diversity.

Australia played a vital role in both world wars, sending troops to fight alongside the British forces. After World War II, the government pursued an immigration policy aimed at attracting skilled workers from Europe and other parts of the world.

The country has a rich cultural heritage, including the indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, who have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years. The indigenous peoples’ culture, traditions, and way of life have been impacted by colonization, but they continue to preserve their culture and traditions.

Today, Australia is a prosperous and diverse nation with a highly developed economy and a high standard of living. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru, and the Australian outback. The country is also home to a vibrant cultural scene, including world-class museums, galleries, and performing arts venues.

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Basic Facts






Total 7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th) Water (%) 1.79 (as of 2015)[6


2.1% Christianity 30.1% No religion 2.6% Islam 2.4% Buddhism 1.9% Hinduism 0.5% Sikhism 0.4% Judaism 0.4% Others[N 3]

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Australian dollar ($) (AUD)

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UTC+8; +9.5; +10 (Various[N 4]) Summer (DST) UTC+8; +9.5; +10; +10.5; +11 (Various[N 4])

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Amazing Facts

Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world by land area, and it’s the only country that’s also a continent. The population of Australia is around 25 million people, and most of them live in cities along the coast.
The capital city of Australia is Canberra, but the largest city is Sydney.
The official language of Australia is English, and the currency is the Australian dollar.
Australia is home to many unique animals, including kangaroos, koalas, wallabies, wombats, and Tasmanian devils.
The Great Barrier Reef, located off the coast of Queensland, is the world’s largest coral reef system and is home to thousands of species of marine life.
Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock) is a large sandstone rock formation in the Northern Territory and is one of Australia’s most famous landmarks.
Australia is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning monarch, but the country is also a parliamentary democracy.
Australian Rules Football, or “footy,” is a popular sport in Australia, along with cricket, rugby, and soccer.
The Australian Outback is a vast, arid region that covers much of the country’s interior and is known for its rugged landscapes and unique wildlife.

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